Julien Anfruns was educated at Sciences-Po Paris and the National School of Administration (ENA). He was the Director of Finance (CFO) and Legal Affairs (General Counsel) at the Louvre Museum (2005-2008), during this period in which he was involved with the strategic development of the Louvre both in France and abroad. Between 2008-2013, he was the Director General of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) and also the President of the International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS) dealing with protecting heritage in times of armed conflicts. In 2013 he was nominated to serve as a Member of the Council of State (‘Conseil d’Etat’) as a Supreme Court Judge at the 9th Chamber (Tax law, Economic law) where he remained until 2017. During this period he also advised the French government on bills and draft decrees relating mainly to defence. He was concurrently a Rapporteur General for the Council for Public Publishing to the Prime Minister (COEPIA).
Throughout his career, Julien has been credited for his cultural expertise which has conducted him to develop innovative means and intangible models to exploit new strategies for cultural goods and to help develop the Louvre brand for the Abu Dhabi Louvre museum project.